The 2018 world cup commences today in Russia. With a total of 12 stadiums being involved in the tournament, 7 are newly constructed while another 2 have been recently redeveloped.
A look at the newly constructed stadiums and their designs can be seen below:
1. Kaliningrad Stadium
Architect: Wilmotte and Associes
The Kaliningrad stadium, built on October Island was part of a major regeneration of the surrounding area. Construction commenced in September 2015 and was opened in April 2018, making it the latest stadium to get underway.
2. Luzhniki Stadium
Architect: SPeeCH, Mosinzhproekt
The Luzhniki Stadium is located in Moscow and was redeveloped from it’s previous name of Central Lenin Stadium. It was originally constructed in just 45 days between the years of 1955 and 1956. It held the Olympics
in 1980, however the athletic track has since been removed. During the renovation an additional 7,000m2 translucent sheeting has been added. The entire roof was reclad with lighting installed. It has a huge 221,000m2 of floor space available, making it one of the largest stadiums in the world.
3. Mordovia Arena
Mordovia Arena was only completed in 2017 due to a lack of funding, with construction originally commencing in 2010. Saransk is one of the smallest cities to host the World Cup and will be hosting matches during the group stages.
4. Nizzny Novgorod Stadium
The Nizhny Novgorod Stadium is circular in shape drawing on inspiration from the surrounding areas, including the vast expanses of water. The colour palette of royal and aqua blues make it aesthetically appealing complimenting the surrounding natural landscapes. The Nizhny Novgorod Stadium will host the last 16 knockout contest as well as the first of the quarter finals.
5. Rostov Arena
During construction of the Rostov Arena, ‘5 nearly perfectly reserved’ Second World War shells were discovered during the ground breaking for the Arena. This not only set back the time frame of construction but also the funding involved. The original design had to be changed due to a lack of funds and a more conventional bowl design was chosen.
6. Samara Arena
Archiect: GUS SO TerrNIIgrazhdanproekt
Nicknamed the ‘Cosmos Arena’ due to Samara’s long history of involvement within the aviation and space industries, the Samara Stadium is dome shaped and constructed from a mesh of steel gliders. The idea of nighttime illumination was scrapped due to large costs, however the stadium still remains a great attraction for many tourists within the area.
7. St Petersburg Stadium
Architect: Kisho Kurokawa Architect and Associates
St Petersburg stadium is one of the most expensive stadiums ever built totaling a cost of just over 1.1 billion British pounds. The ‘Spaceship’ design boasts a sliding pitch and a retractable roof. It will host the last 16 knockout match, a semi final and the third v fourth playoff.
8. Volgograd Arena
Architect: PI Arena
The Volgograd Arena is wrapped in a steel latticework and was built on the site of what used to be Central Stadium. It is particularly well known for its cladded roof, which was designed to recall the spokes of a bicycle wheel.
9. Yekaterinburg Stadium
Architect: ABD Architect
Originally built between the years of 1953 and 1957, the stadium was significantly redeveloped between 2007 and 2011. In order to host the World Cup, extra seating has been incorporated to bring it up to the minimum of 35,000 people that Fifa rules demand a World Cup venue to accommodate.